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西安建筑科技大学土木、工管本科新视野英语2学习重点、难点、作业及答案

发布者:admin [发表时间]:2017-11-16 [来源]:继续教育学院 [浏览次数]:

4) Hearing the loud noise, the boy was more surprised than frightened.
● E. “More than”或“More...than...”+含“can”的分句时表示“否定意”,如:
1) That's more than I can do.
2) Don't bite off more than you can chew.
3) In delivering his lecture, Jason makes sure not to include more things than the students can understand.
●  F.  “no more than” 与 “not more than” 后跟名词所表含义的区别:
(1) “no more than” 后跟名词的意思是“只不过,仅仅”,有“轻视,嫌少”之意。例如:
  1)  He is no more than a puppet.
  2)  He felt no more than five dollars in the bag.
(2) “not more than” 后跟名词的意思是“不超过,至多”,是一般的否定,或客观地说明数字。如:
  1)  They were not more than two hours from the place.
  2)  I have not more than five dollars in my pocket.
●  G. “No more...than...clause”:表示两者皆否定的观念“不……,正如……不……一样”,如:
1) I can no more do that than anyone else.
2) A learner can no more obtain knowledge without reading than a farmer can get good harvest without ploughing.”
“No more…...than...”的语义,也可用“not any more than...”来取代。
E.g.  Dr Hu is no more a poet than Dr Wu is a philosopher.
       Dr Hu is not a poet any more than Dr Wu is a philosopher.
而“not more … than” 跟从句表示两者皆肯定的观念,只是有差别而已,意思是“不及……那样”。如:
  He is not more diligent than you are.(重点在 you are diligent .他也勤奋,但不如你勤奋。)
● H.  “little more than” 与 “no less than” 的区别
(1) “little more than” 因 little 含有否定意义,因此其汉语意思是“不过,仅仅,多不了多少”。例如:
  That is worth little more than one dollar.
(2) “no less than” 因“ no less ”含双重否定,因此其汉语意思是“不少于,有……之多”。例如:
  There were no less than fifty killed and wounded.
●   I.  “more than” 虽属比较结构,但可辅以一定的词汇手段,如: no, nothing, nobody, nowhere, any, anything else, hardly, scarcely 等否定句,便可表达最高级的含义。例如:
   1)  Nothing is more precious than time.

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